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■stmtmmammamtMmKmmmtmmmt^ ZBBGZQ aaAia anaaiw 01 nvasoa 'V10S3NNII/\I Na31S3M H±aON - Z dVl/\l SABM9>|l<g ejoseuuiw map index Fig. 1 shows the state divided for bikeway mapping. Each map contains the following information: road analysis for bicycle usage; off-road bikeways; historical, social and cultural attractions; public parklands and facilities; bicycle touring equipment list. Folded size on all maps, 5-5/8" x 9" 1-44 18"x33-5/8" A-H (Metro) 18"x28" l-J (Duluth) 18"x28" 53 mi.x42-1/2 mi. 13 mi.xlO mi. 10 mi.x8-1/2 mi. .vOMESo. Of TPt^ Minnesota Department of Transportation Duluth l-J Metro A-H Statewide I-44 682 potpourri COUNTY PARKS (COUNTY) Kittson County Marshall County Roseau County 1. Fairgrounds 3-K • • • MUNICIPAL PARKS Badger (Roseau) 4-H 2. Durgin • • 3. Durgin Memorial • • • • • 4. Rocket Field • • • Caribou (Kittson) 1-C Duxby (Roseau) 2-H Englund (Marshall) 8,9-A Florian (Marshall) 9-A Fox (Roseau) 3-J Gatzke (Marshall) 10-K Greenbush (Roseau) 5-F 5. American Legion • • • • • 6. City Park • 7. School • • • Halma (Kittson) 6-A 8. Roadside Park • • • • Haug (Roseau) 3-F Homolka (Roseau) 7-1 Karlstad (Kittson) 7-B 9. Ballfield 1 • 10. Ballfield 2 • 11. School • • • 12. Wayside • • • • Leo (Roseau) 4-E Malung (Roseau) 4-L Mandus (Roseau) 3-L Middle River (Marshall) 9-F Newfolden (Marshall) 10-D Pelan (Roseau) 6-D 13. Pioneer Park • • • • Pencer (Roseau) 5-M Pine Creek (Roseau) 1-1 Roseau (Roseau) 3-K 14. City Park • • • • 15. Gilbertson Field • • 16. High School • • • • 17. Pioneer Village • • 18. Roadside • 19. Swimming Pool • • • 20. Tennis Courts • Ross (Roseau) 2-1 Salol (Roseau) 3-M ! Skime (Roseau) 8-M Strandquist (Marshall) 8-C Strathcona (Roseau) 7-F ' Wannaska (Roseau) b-K STATE FOREST Beltrami Island 6-N STATE PARKS 21. Hayes Lake 6-M.N • • • • • • * 22. Lake Bronson 5-A • • • • • • • 23. Old Mill 10-A • • • • • • • STATE REST AREAS 24. State Highway 11 3-J • • • 25. State Highway 89 1-1 • • • cover identification 1. The greater sandhill crane was once more common in Minnesota, but its numbers have been reduced because of the drainage of wetlands. 2. This area is a major national producer of timothy and Kentucky bluegrass seed. 3. Beef and dairy cattle production is an important part of the agriculture industry. 4. Wheat, oats, barley and rye are among the small grains which grow well in the region's fertile soil. 5. Many small country churches dot the level landscape. Pine Creek Lutheran Church is a solidly constructed log building chinked with limestone. The logs for the small church were originally intended for a fort. *hi -, - vr1.. *»?*'$> inset maps The 1889 mill on the banks of the Middle River at Old Mill State Park was rebuilt in 1958. Its operation is demonstrated for fortunate visitors on certain days during the summer. Flat, level terrain exposes vast farms broken up by forested expanses of sturdy oak, graceful birch and silvery poplar. The red and golden hues of the sunrise are quite impressive over this broad horizon, enjoyed by the ambitious cyclist who gets an early start in the cool stillness of the dawn. The area of Map 2 is composed of parts of Roseau, Kittson and Marshall counties. This region, at the extreme northern edge of Minnesota, experienced a rich history of voyageurs, exploration, fur trade and generally friendly dealings with the Ojib- ways. It was the lucrative fur trade which first made the area known. The Hudson Bay Company once operated a trading post on the Roseau River, at the site of the now extinct Roseau Lake. Gradually the fur supply was depleted and homesteaders moved in to farm the fertile soil. Settlement grew especially with the development of the railroad through the area. Agriculture is the major industry of the region. In addition to wheat, oats, barley and flax, the soil and climate are also well suited to raise grass seeds. In fact, Roseau County produces approximately 80% of the timothy seeds and 50% of the Kentucky blue grass seeds marketed in the United States. Other important components of the agriculture industry here are dairy cattle, beef cattle and turkey production. These are evident in the wide pasturelands scattered with complacently grazing cattle, and the rows upon rows of white wooden turkey sheds. The city of Roseau is the largest of Map 2, a pleasant city through which the gentle waters of the Roseau River flow. The name "Roseau" comes from a French translation of an Ojibway name which means the-place- of-rushes-river, or reed-grass river. The name refers to the tall coarse grass (Phragmites communis) which is found in lake edges in this prairie region. Roseau, called the "North Star City" is the last major city before entering Canada's rugged wilderness to the north. Many enjoyable activities can be experi- Pelan Pioneer Village is situated in a parkland setting with picnic grounds and a rustic foot bridge crossing the South Branch Two Rivers. enced here. The Roseau County Historical Museum Interpretive Center offers interesting accounts of the Ojibway heritage. Red River ox carts, the fur trade, and many aspects of pioneer life during the home- steading days. A short distance outside of Roseau is the Roseau Pioneer Farm and Village which recalls pioneer farming and early settlement hardships and pleasures. City parks within Roseau offer shady opportunities for picnics and other leisurely activities. The cyclist will find three state parks within the area of Map 2 also — Lake Bronson, Canada geese are commonly seen in the wildlife areas here. The lakes and marshes provide a good environment in which to raise a family of goslings. Hayes Lake and Old Mill. Lake Bronson State Park, at the western edge of Map 2, is located on the shores of man-made Lake Bronson, and provides the cyclist with opportunities to travel throughoutthe wooded park on the many bike/hiking trails. Hayes Lake State Park is at the eastern edge of the map, 22 miles from Roseau. The wooded park is at the fringe of the prairie, offering a unique natural setting. Old Mill State Park provides a glimpse of how the prairie environment appeared before the extensive drainage and agricultural development took place. The park also boasts an 1889 steam operated grist mill along the banks of the Middle River, which is still put to use at certain times of the year for visitors to see. The mixture of prairie, deciduous forest- land, wooded river banks and shallow lake edges provides a conducive habitat for a variety of wildlife. The prairie chicken once inhabited the region in abundance, as did the elk, buffalo and wolf. More common today are smaller mammals, such as rabbits, squirrels and weasels. Bird life is varied and plentiful, from the Canada goose to the greater sandhill crane to the whip-poor-will. Many spots exist here for good wildlife observation, such as the Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge, Roseau River Wildlife Area, Twin Lakes Wildlife Area and Thief Lake Wildlife Management Area. Road surface information shown is the most current available and may not, in all cases, reflect the status of the roadway environment. touring advice Begin a good conditioning program well in advance of an extensive bike trip. Get plenty of rest before you depart. Check bicycle daily. Pay attention to the weather. Carry identification with you at all times. Have the tools and know-how for repairs and adjustments. Plan your overnights in advance. Be aware of terrain to be encountered each day and plan accordingly. When you are beginning to feel fatigue, pull off the road and rest. Be careful about your nutritional needs . . . liquid intake is crucial while touring. Keep your load as light as possible and well-balanced. Store equipment on good quality racks. panniers ID Small cable and lock □ Plate(s), pot, cup(s) I Windbreaker with hood □ Dish cloth, towel, soap I Nylon rope □ Can opener —I Plastic bags (various sizes) u Folding water bottle I Toilet paper □ Silverware, folding knife I Wash cloth, towel, soap □ Flashlight I Shampoo □ Stove, fuel bottle I Toothbrush, toothpaste □ Maps I Shirts (short, long sleeve) □ Cooking utensils □ Shorts (1), slacks (1) □ Film I Underwear □ Insect repellent, matches I Shoes, socks u Nail clipper I Poncho □ Tools 5l«££PlhlG HANPU££AR- handlebar pack CD Notepad and pencil CD Handkerchief □ Wallet-I.D. □ Keys CD Camera and film CD Transistor radio □ First Aid kit CD Sewing kit LJ Sunglasses CD Sun screen cream CD Chapstick CD Coins for phone calls CD Emergency phone #s CD Riding gloves CD Comb CD Daily maps tools CD Spare tire and tube CD Tire irons, tube repair kit CD Wrenches: 6" crescent, Allen, spoke,cone CD Screwdrivers: 1 with %" blade 1 with small, thin blade CD Small pliers CD (6) Spokes CD Cables: derailleur, brake □ (2) Brake blocks, (3) chain links CD Valve core and caps, nuts and bolts CD Freewheel remover CD 1 Roll friction tape *Special tools may be required first aid kit CD 2" Adhesive tape CD 5 large-size bandages CD 5 Butterfly bandages CD 4 Sterile gauze pads (4" x 4") CD 1 Ace bandage CD 1 Mole skin CD 1 oz. Mild antiseptic CD 6 Aspirin CD 6 Antacid tablets CD 1 Zinc oxide CD y2 Tube burn ointment CD 1 Red Cross First Aid handbook
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