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r'' <ifj/ WW issovo <no U 31300 WM3dH3j sHViam \ VMJddfHD jo saum I3M1QW I ^3HJL QN\t J3M139 LSIX3 MON IHS<JM3lHJ <JNV 30Vld 3H1 ,080028 1V3 y3Aia 33IH1 InV N01S>f6oi&> OX >I3IAN00 'V±OS3ljj|llrJ NU31S3M HiyON - L dVlAI SABM9>|I<Q Bioseuuioi Fig. 1 shows the state divided for bikeway Folded size on all maps, 5-5/8" x 9". mapping. Each map contains the following information: road analysis for bicycle 1-44 53 mi.x42-1/2 mi usage; off-road bikeways; historical, social A-H (Metro) 13mi.x10mi. and cultural attractions; public parklands l-J (Duluth) 10 mi.x8-l/2 mi. and facilities; bicycle touring equipment list. <^ m Minnesota Department of Transportation Duluth l-J Metro A-H Statewide I-44 COUNTY PARKS Beltrami County Clearwater County Marshall County Pennington County • 1. Oakland 4-F • • • • Polk County — Red Lake County MUNICIPAL PARKS (COUNTY) Brooks (Red Lake) 9-H 2. City Park • • • • Crookston (Polk) 9,10-A • 3. Alexander • • 4. Arena • 5. Brown Triangle • 6. Castle • • • • 7. Central • • • • • • • • • 8. Haven Lane • 9. Highland • • • • • 10. Johnson Triangle 11. Kennedy 12. Locken 13. Museum • 14. North Broadway • • 15. Schuster • • • • • 16. Stearns Triangle 17. Walsh • • 18. Wild Flower Gardens • 19. Wildwood Dorothy (Red Lake) 7-C Erie (Pennington) 5-K Espelie (Marshall) 3-L Euclid (Polk) 7-A Gentilly (Polk) 9-C Gonvick (Clearwater) 10-N 20. City Park • • Goodridqe (Penninaton) 4-K 21. Lions • • • 22. Twete • • • Grygla (Marshall) 2-M 23. City Park • • • • • • 24. Tennis Courts • Gully (Polk) 10-L,M 25. City Park • • • • Hazel (Pennington) 6-G High Landing (Pennington) 5-J,K Holt (Marshall) 2-F 26. Memorial • • • • • Huot (Red Lake) 8-C Marcoux (Polk and Red Lake 10-E Mavie (Penninqton) 4-1 Newfolden (Marshall) 1-D Oklee (Red Lake) 9-J 27. Athletic Fields • 28. City Park • • • • 29. Country Park • • • • • 30. Tennis Courts • • • Plummer (Red Lake) 7-H 31. Ball Park • • 32. City Park • • • • • Radium (Marshall) 3-A Red Lake Falls (Red Lake) 8-E 33. Riverside • • • • • • • 34. Sportsman's • • • • • Roland (Red Lake) 7-K Rosewood (Marshall) 3-E St. Hilaire (Pennington) 6-F 35. City Park • • • • • • Terrebonne (Red Lake) 9-G Thief River Falls (Pennington) 4-F 36. Allan-A-Dale • 37. Annie 38. A.V.T.I. Fields • • 39. Boy Scout • 40. Elks • • 41. Fairgrounds • • • 42. Finsbury • 43. Floyd B. Olson • • 44. Indian • 45. LaFave • • • • • • 46. LB. Hartz • • • 47. Michelson 48. Neighborhood 49. Portage • 50. Swenson • • 51. Tindolph • • • 52. Tourist • • • • • • 53. Wizard of Oz • • Trail (Polk) 10-L 54. City Park • • • Viking (Marshall! 3-C - Wylie (Red Lake) 7-D STATE PARK 55. Old Mill 1-A • • • • • • STATE REST AREAS 56. State Highway 1 inset maps STATE REST AREAS 57. State Highway 1 4-F • • • 58. US Highway 2 10-A • • 59. US Highway 59 1-D • • • STATE WAYSIDE PARK 60. Old Crossing Treaty 8-C • • • • • • potpourri Bethany Hospital, when built in 1903, provided a much needed service to the expanding pioneer town of Thief River Falls. Creaking ox carts noisily crossed the Red Lake River at a place near present day Huot in the 1800s. Pioneers and traders used the same spot for crossing with the heavily laden carts so continuously that traces of the tracks can still be faintly seen. Near this spot in the last part of September, 1863, representatives of the United States government and of the Ojibway bands met for negotiations and festivities. The outcome of their meetings would greatly alter the next phase of development of Minnesota and North Dakota. Twelve days were spent in the crisp autumn air near the banks of the Red Lake River with speeches, meetings and great quantities of food. Senator Alexander Ramsey led a party of soldiers and negotiators from St. Paul to the treaty site, and with interpreter Pierre Bottineau by his side, reached an agreement with leaders of the Red Lake and Pembina bands of Ojibway for the purchase of their lands. Through this agreement Minnesota acquired all or part of the counties of Roseau, Kittson, Marshall, Pennington, Red Lake, Polk, Norman and Mahnomen. North Dakota received an area of land approximately the same size from the Canadian border to the Sheyenne River. The original intent of the U.S. government was to obtain the right-of-way through the Ojibway land for the Red River ox cart route. Since this was unacceptable to the Ojibway, an agreement was reached for the transfer of land to U.S. government ownership. Today the land is rich farming country, composed of fields of oats, barley, wheat, flax, potatoes and soybeans. Dairy, livestock and poultry farming and processing are also important industries. The cumbersome but practical ox carts, which were the major form of transportation from St. Paul to Pembina during the earliest settlement days, were a means of transportation unique to this area. The wooden vehicles could carry up to one half ton of goods traveling approximately twenty miles per day. Usually the carts traveled in groups of about fifty. These were essentially the only vehicles on the primitive highway system for many years, carrying supplies from St. Paul to the northern Red River settlements and returning with furs and "pemmican", dried buffalo meat. The ox cart transportation ended only when the steamboat and railroad travel took its place. Many French and French Canadians explored and later helped settle this region, figuring importantly in its history and development. Jean Baptiste Cadotte, a French Canadian who worked for the Northwest Fur Company, established a fur trading post in what is now Red Lake Falls at the confluence of the Red Lake and Clearwater Rivers as early as 1798. Another French Canadian deeply involved in the beginnings of this region has been characterized as a colorful, robust figure, called by some historians the "Kit Carson of the Northwest." Pierre Bottineau was the son of a French father and Ojibway mother, and as a young boy traveled with his voyageur father to learn the ways of the woods and the rivers. He had an adventurous spirit which led him to exploration of wilderness regions. His friendly disposition and mastery of many languages made him an excellent guide and interpreter. Bottineau was also well known for his abundant hospitality and love of festivities. He accomplished many expeditions, including the Pacific railroad survey in 1853 and the U.S. government's delegation to the Old Crossing Treaty signing in 1863. Pierre Bottineau helped to found Osseo, Minnesota in 1852 when he took his land claim there. He later settled in the Red Lake Falls area, for which he is known as founder, and encouraged many others to buy land and settle there, too. Many crisscrossing rivers and streams helped to open up the region to exploration, trade and settlement. The Red Lake, Clearwater, Thief, Poplar, Lost, Hill, Black and Snake Rivers and many small creeks and streams add scenic and recreational enjoyment. The Red Lake River, the largest, is one of the few good canoeing rivers in this territory. The river passes through various natural settings; marshlands teeming with wildlife, expansive farmland, thick woods and cliff-like banks compose the variety of sights. The many streams and rivers here enable quiet canoe outings past wooded banks and expansive farmland. (1 () () (I II I) II (I Thief River Falls 7TyV^m9mmmSTSi iirtnnnnnnnnnni iijuui ^.RoasLsujfaceJnfp^mjjtjOjijhOjwnJ^ Status of the roadway environment.