|Save page Remove page||Previous||1 of 6||Next|
small (250x250 max)
medium (500x500 max)
large ( > 500x500)
Loading content ...
PINE RIVER JOURNAL VOLUME X NUMBBK 4H THE PIXE HIVBR JOURNAL, PINK RIVER, CASS COL'NTl', MINNESOTA, FRIDAY, MARCH 7. 1947 SUB: §2.00 Pine River and Vicinity—$2.50 Elsewhere Out of the . . Waste Basket by C. M. A. Ed. Note: The following article, written by Airs. Anna Underleak of this city, concerns her noted button collection and will no doubt be of interest to our many readers. Mrs. Un- derleak's collection has attracted considerable attention anti has been admired by many: I will be happy to tell you about my ■button collection which started when I was seven-years old. Now, I want all of you to imagine you are sitting by my chair while I am telling you of the different buttons in my collection which numbers more than 40,000 buttons. . There were many years between the time 1 was seven and my present eights seven years that I did not collect buttons. However, there never was a^ time when I was not interested in tfcem. When I first went to school, a little log st bool, the teacher was making a "Charm String" which is a string ol buttons wliere no two are alike and they are given hy friends and relatives or in some other way to receive a. lull string of nine hundred and ninety nine. Tlie thousandth is left lor "Prince < 'harming to add to the siting. Of course, we kids always thought the boy who added the last button would be our future husband. There are different ideas about Charm strings but. that was the popular one when I was a child. I again took up my hobby of collecting buttons in earnest after my daugu. ter had an exhibit of curios in the Pine Kiver Drug iStore, then owned and operated by my son-in-law. People showed such an interest in the old charm-string that it aroused my interest and enthusiasm anew, so I asked friends and acquaintances M" they didn't have a few old buttons they could rive me to add to <my collection, it was then, when buttons began coming tti from friends that I started mounting t hem on cardboard with the donor's name and address and now I call my mounted i uttons, "The Friend- shit) Cards." I have twenty-l'ivo strings, each with a thousand buttons ana no two alike, but on sonic of the cards there are duplicates. Some of the cards tire iiimm. ted in pairs itwo alike). The cards have different arrangements, 'sometimes according to size, color or share. There are button's made in every color of iha1 rainbow, evety size and ai| shapes imaginable. My largest 'l.ut Ion is 2% inches in diameter and ' Uhe small est is 3-16 of an inch. The buttons'aro made of pearl, leather, glass, plastic, casino, metal ot all kinds, rubber, paper, bone. jet, vegetable, ivo'ry. enamel, cloth-coyer; ed. horn, celluloid and wood. 1 mentioned the wooden button hist but it is nol least, and this little poem is so befitting 'because wooden buttons were al one time a pari of some stately tree. There are pearl buttons made from fresh-water shells and salt water shells. The Mississippi river supplies some of the .best shells for the freshwater variety and itnany White pearl shells come from Panama and Australia; yellow shells from ihe Philippines and other South Pacific Islands and black pearl shells or smokey pearl from Tahiti. (There is nothing more beautiful than "Mother of Pearl" with the soil irridescent. shades or rainbow tints. Pear] is quite easily colored .and there tire many beautiful colored pearl buttons. 1 have several pictured, also other designs made of pearl and they arc lovely. The buttons found on underwear are made mostly of shells of 1'iosh-wator mussels ami these are made in seventeen states. with Iowa leading in production. I'enu sylvania is famous for its bone but-. ions; New York and Connecticut for their brass buttons; .Massachusetts fo,- cloth-covered buttons: New Hampshire for paper buttons; New Jersey for tin buttons; Connecticut for horn buttons. Xew York and New Jersey have a large production ad' vegetable- Ivory buttons. You may ask. "What are vegetable- ivory buttons?" They are made from what is known as Oorozo Nut. or the nana' given to the fruit of several of the'South and Central American palm trees hut the most common name is vegetable-ivory. This consists of seeds about the size of a hen's egg and when very young, it contains a clear insipid fluid which is used by travelers instead id' water. In this stage the nuts are eagerly eaten by sundry animals and as they are found on stems re- cUnlng on the ground, they are easily obtained. When they harden tbey become so very hard to resemble elephant ivory or some of the plastics, and are used extensively in the making of high-class buttons. If buttons could talk, they would tel] some very interesting stories. The uniform buttons froi our soldiers, sailors and marines, could tell of some proud, happy experiences as well as sad and sorrowful ones—and about travel. Where they have been and what thej have seen. >.-■ * * • In my collection, I have many prized uniform buttons, from Civil war days lo the days of World War II. A soldier while stationeu in England, sent me an English uniform button, picked up at the base of Queen Victoria's statue and another SOldler sent a button from the South Pacific that he had cut from the uniform of a dead P.T.A. Meeting March 18 at Pine River School There .vill be a meeting at the-local school Tuesday afternoon, March 18, at 4 p. m.. for the purpose of forming a Parent _ Teachers Association. Ottt- i ers will he elected and dues collected. Action will be initiated for securing a Charter for the association. The. meeting at the close of the Speech festival being held on that daft! and several out-of-town educators n::;.\ be present to address the gathering. Kveryone is urged to attend anil aid in the; forming of a PTA unit for this area. Senate Passes Bill Increasing Welfare lid 'fhe senate has passed a bill incre-is inn' tbe maximum allowance for old age assistance from $-10 to $50 a month and removing the restriction against payment of relief funds to parsons on old age assistance, it also gave its approval to anotner measure raising maximum allowances for aid to tie- pendent: children, from $4.0 to $50 a month for a mother and one child; from $15 to $20 it month for a second child and from $12 to Sin for each additional child. Similar action was being contemplated by the House Welfare Committee and the House was expected shortly to pass both bills. Gov. Youngdahl said in his message, and legislators generally have agreed, that these allowances must bd increased to meet the rising living costs that have occurred. Tigers Lose to Sebeka in First Round Tuesday •MANY FRIENDS ATTEND GOLDEN ;'WEDDING OPEN-HOUSE SUNDAY FOR M. AND MRS. HICKEL Mr. and Mrs. A. ('. Hickel of this City, observed their golden wedding anniversary Sunday. .March 2, with a reception and open-bouse in the club rooms of rhe Marlow, which was at- u Qded hy a large crowd of friends and relatives who tame to pay their respects and extend tlieir best wishes to rhe Hickels for another fifty-years ot wedded life. During the course of the afternoon, nearly two-hundred people were, pre- ^.sent at the open-house which hegan Ihe two-point victory for Peq"f't at 2 :.',i> p. m., and continued until 0, uf- entire story of the,,,,,. „.,,},.,, ., (lill]1(,,. was served at the nickel home for members of the im- a.ediate family, numbering more than forty. i .Many relatives from out-of-town ,r- iived for the occasion, including Mr. and .Mrs. George Bogart and family of >»' ''as'v llinghani. Mass., Mr. and Mrs. David 1 Rentier and sons of .Minneapolis, Mr. and .Mrs. Unman Renner of .Minneapolis, Mr. and Mrs. Andrew Crassinger .Mr. and Mrs. Koland llii's.'i oi .Springfield. ".Minn.. Mrs. Joe Dittman of Epping, N. Dak.. .Mrs. Roy Jacknian of Williston, Anthony -Hickel of Kay, N. Dak., ami Mr. and Mrs. \'i<-k Beckius of St. James. Mr. and Mrs. Hickel wish to extend Thursday evening of last week, the Tigers were again defeated at Brainerd by the Pequot Lakes aggregation who emerged victors by a two-point margin 81 - 2<i. it victory for fails to tell the entire story of contest however, 'expressing fact that the Tigers lost a game which should have been theirs by a substantial margin if they had been able to convert their many gift-shots into tal- •lies. .Missing twenty out of twenty- three free-throws made them prey for the Pequot boys. The local hoys started well, breaking fast fromi the opening wihistle and scoring several baskets before their of Little Fall opponents were able to stem tin drive and the large aggregation of Pine River boosters were confident oi a Tiger victory. The second-half found the local boys unable to coordinate their plays which, added to their inability to sink j'^heir thanks to the many friends who their many chances at the free-rhrow fc&.ade the <jav ., memorable one by Iiii. gave Pequot the necessary unarg- [their in for victory. In their tournament game Tuesday evening at Staples, the Tigers lost a hard fought game to iSeJbeka 44 to -0. The local quint was unable to overcome the handicap imposed by the tall presence at the reception. ERADELPHIAN CLUB NOTES er and heavier opponents, they played on even terms quarters. although three Jap soldier. I could; spend much time with the uniform buttons but I must, hasten along with my story. I have buttons from almost all of the states in the union and many foreign countries ; also from babies ami centenarian's and. even different races are represented. One card that affords a great deal of amusement, and entertainment, is the "Lost and Pound Department." Whenever I find a button or soibeone else finds one ancl gives if to m-', I mount it and tell where it was found or by whom. I have buttons from many noted neo pie such as presidents, governors, noted musicians, artists and writers. Among my collection of cards is a shoe made of shoe-buttons, horn made of horn buttons. Scotty dog made of black vest buttons, sunboonet girl of calico buttons sewn on her dress, buttons covered with snake-skin. The snake-skin buttons came from Florida and some are from rattlers, anoc- casin, king, gopher and black tattler skins. The story or fable buttons are very interesting but each little button and its story would take too much time and space to tell. It is certainly surprising bow much some of the old time manufacturers could get on the face of a little button. It. really is marvelous. , 1 Our modern buttons or "Cooties" as they arc called, are 'cute .'met interesting but the work of art isn't there when compared with the "Story of I.uttons." Goofies are the ones we see on sweaters! children's (dotlies, etc.. such as shoes, hands, pencils, vases, heads, fish, fruit, vegetables, etc. I i!ii11k I have almost every kind of an animal represented in my collection except a cow. I have leather and others that might have heen made from what could he by-products of the cow- but poof bossio is left out. I wonder how many of you know- that the shell ot a cocoanut takes a beautiful polish'.' 1 have many beautiful hand-ntaoe buttons and some ot: them are made of polished cocoanut Shell and some from walnut trees that grew on my parent's farm in southern Alinnesota. A teacher and hen pupils from Wyoming made and mounted several hand made buttons and sent them as a surprise. Another teacher had each of her pupils bring a few buttons to school tmd they were mounted along with their picture and made Into a hook and sent to tne as a surprise. Another prized button is one Dave Elman of Hobby-Lobby fame, sent me which he cut from one of his sport coats and this lead button was picked up on Custer's battlefield many years ago. Doubtless many of you or your friends were fortunate enough to have cameo brooches sent or given to you hy our soldiers When they were in Italy or other foreign countries. Cameo buttons are lovely and are set in a wide variety ot materials such as crystal, carmelian, amethyst, turquois, coral ami shell. It is principally the shell cameo that we have inherited from our giv.at-grundmothor's jewel box. 'fhe carving of shell cameos for popular consumption, started in Italy between 1805 and 1820 and spread through the immigration of workmen to France, later to England and finally at the time of fhe World War. to America. Now. I have given you the highlights in my button collection hut if time didn't go so fast. I could tell you about many, many more historical buttons and other prized pieces of my collection. Lundrigan Bill Meets Opposition in House A bill providing for thei fing.er printing of school children, authored by Representative Don. Lundrigan of tibis city, met with opposition in a judiciary committee meeting 'when Rep. C. Allen of St. Paul, took exception to the compulsory clause. The hill (loos, however, 'have strong backing from several quarters tmd: the committee voted to lay the bill over until its provisions can be discussed with officials of the state department oi education. Vets fo Elect Officers at Thursday Meeting •Com. Winston Cadwell Of ihe local VFW Post, has announced that the annual electionof officers will be held at the next regular meeting Thursday evening, March 18 in the club rooms of the Marlow. A good representation of membership is hoped for. Legion Post to be Organized Here There will be a meeting Tuesday evening, March II, at eight o'clock in the Marlow club rooms for the purpose of organizing an American Legion Post in Pine River. There tire a large number of veterans in this area who should be interested in this service organization and all are urged to attend this meeting. Bill Kinler has been busy fhe past few weeks securing a sufficient number of charter members to organize ihe post anil it is hoped that with the necessary group needed for a charter, ii large number of additional veterans will avail .themselves of a service connected organization. Ti.e Eradelphian Club met tit the ifoine of Mrs. .1. .1. Allen Friday afternoon of last week with thirteen members answering roll' call and! pledging allegiance to tbe flag. Airs. Don Johnson gave the best report yet received by the club on the school nurse project. ' Mrs. N. H. Philip's topic, "History of .Minnesota Names," was of great interest. The mythical lore of old Indian legends, naming cities, lakes and rivers, is profusely evident throughout our state, the land of Hiawatha. .Mrs. Allen entertained members by showing several groups of exquisitely arranged buttons, a hobby which she and her mother, Mrs. Ann Underleak, are noted for. The next meeting will be held with .Mrs. Wm. iBlurnson on March 14. Mrs. Allen has the topic: American Song Writeis. A collection for Indian Student Aid will be taken at. this meeting. —Alice Amy. Reporter Hefty Moser Weds Dayton Man Feb. 20 .Mr. and Mrs. John L. Roser of this city, announce the marriage -of their ilanghlei Betty, to Robert Wiltse, on February 20, in the St. Paul .Methodist church of Dayton, Ohio, by Rev, Martin. Mrs. "Wiltse was given in marriage by her father, tind was attired in a. dusty rose crepe dress with matching accessories tind a gold-.orchid corsage. Miss Kuna Rudolph was the bride's only attendant. ' iShe wore an aqua crepe dress witli elbow lengtb gloves, with a mat-chin hat and a corsage ot gardenias. Willard Wiltse, brother of the bridegroom, served as best man. Cshers were Kenneth Wiltse, a brother and I.lovd Barton. Mr. and Mrs. Wiltse left for the south immediately following their wedding. Upon their return, they will reside at 1824 Huffman Ave., Dayton, Ohio. The bride is well known in Pine Kiver, having made her home with her parents. Mr. and Mrs. John Roser, at Shady Point Resort for several years and served as bookkeeper at the local creamery last year. . Congratulations are extended the young- couple. A. A. A. Meetings Scheduled to Be Held in Cass County For Month of March AUXILIARY WILL MEET NEXT THURSDAY EVENING, MARCH 13 Roy I.ee Auxiliary to the VFW will meet in the IOOF ball next Thursday evening, March 13 for their annual election of officers. It is also expected that the new membership pins will arrive and new members will be initiated. President. .Mrs. Ethel Hempel is offering a persona!] prize for the member bringing in the largest number of candidates for the year. The VFW Auxiliary helps till veterans in sickness and sorrow, aids in hospital work and teaches patriotism. If you tire eligible for membership yell are welcome to attend this next meeting. Olaf Stranne Funeral Rites Held Wednesday Funeral services were held Wednesday at two o'clock from the Lutheran church. Pine River, for Olaf Stranne, who died March 2, at the age of 77- years, lie bad been a patient at the local hospital the past two months. Death was caused! by a cerrebral hem borage. Pallbearers included Einar Anderson. John Urness, Clen Cardner. John Knutson. Anton Sorenson and Rausel Miller. Olaf Stranne. eldest sou of Mathias and Christina ,Stranne, was born May 14, i869j n Hedemarken, Norway. He was baptised there and at the ape of live-years, came to Canada with his parents. i After a short time in Canada, the family moved to Mission Hill. S. Dak., where Mr. Stranne was confirmed in the Vang Lutheran Church by Rev. Dall, one of the first ministers in South Dakota. In later years, after moving to Minnesota, be: withdrew his membership from that church and became a member of tbe Quam .Lutheran Church near Ashby. In November of 1902-, olaf Stranne was united in marriage to Christina Bakken of Decorah, la., and fhey made their home on a farm near .Mission Hill until i|!)2i!. when they moved to a farm near Ashby. Minn., where they resided until the spring of 1936, when they moved to Pine River. I-ie is survived by four children, Clarence and Mrs. Arnold I'dseth. ot: I'ine River', Clara of Billings, Mont., and Mrs. Edwin Hanson of Ashby. All of bis children with the exception of Clara, were at his bedside when be passed away. Pie also leaves one brother, iSeveriit. of .Mission Hill, S. Dak., and seven grandchildren. A meeting of Cass County AAA com mitteemen was held iu Walker recently at which time the 1H47 program was discussed and plans were made for signup meetings in the county, in Order to be eligible for a AAA payment this year, fanners must sign a farm plan by April lo. Committeemen will be at each of me following meetings between !i a..m.. and 4 p. ni.. to discuss individual farms and payments, Each operating farmer is urged to attend the meeting for his district. Friday. .March 7. Byron Town Hall, Saturday March 8, Kleen's store for Aloadowbraok, Byron, Poplar. Moose Lake, Ansel and McKinley Townships. Foi- Maple, Loon Lake, Wilson. Walden and Bungo: Wednesday. .March 12. Maple Leaf Store. Thursday, .March 13, Pleasant Valley school. .I-riday. March 14. Wilson Hall. Wednesday. .March 19, .Maynard Seaton home. Wednesday, March 25, .Marlow Theatre, I'ine iRjiver. ■Friday. March Fine. Kiver. For Kego, Wabedo, Lake, Hiram. Ponli Lake Townships : .Monday. Match :;, Tuesday. .March 4, Wednesday, March . school. Thursday. March II, Hackensack. Friday, March i, Whipholi store. For Bull Moose, Barclay, Pine River, Deerfield and Powers Townships: Tuesday, March 25, .Marlow Theatre. Pine River. Thursday. March 27, Marlow Theatre, Pine River. .Marlow Theatre, Woodrow. Birch Lake and Blind Longville Hotel. Sill man .Store "». Blind Lake Glasco's Store, Annual Meeting of Fair AssHi March 15 The regular annual meeting of the Cass County Agricultural Association will be held Saturday, .March 15, at. 2:;!n p .m. Election of officers 'will be held and the regular yearly reports will be: read in the club! rooms ol the Marlow. —Homer Fraser, Sec. PONTORIA E. K. Ellison, Correspondent * , • Tom LaBeau purchased a water sys tern for his home last week. The Ladles Aid quilting „>ee met on Wednesday and Thursday at the ISnod grass home. Ma. and Mrs. Frank Robinson tind family visited at the Fllison home on iSaturday evening. ttalpli Felton and his ice ore are harvesting ice ior the 'Saxton Store the'Omaha Club tind others this wt ok. Messers, McAllister and Johnson of Si. Paul, spent the weekend at their cabin on Long Lake No. 2. Mrs. Koy Null and sons David and Keith of Hackensack, visited .Mrs. Hubert Null and attended the quilting bee Thursday. Mrs. Clen Snodgrass has been on the sick list the pas; week but is reported Improved and we hope she will soon be well again. A group of thirty friends and neighbors gave a surprise party for -Mr. and .Mrs. Ralph Grimm at the oldl Melliu- zor place Friday evening. oOO was played and refreshments were served. Mr. and Airs. Wall Basset! of Aler- rii'ield, visited at the Ellison borne on Thursday. Walt has just purchased a fleet of six new boats and is also building several new cabins for his resort on Long Lake. S-milcs north of Brainerd. The following guests attended a dinner al Ihe home of Mr. and Mrs. Lee Chapman : Mr. and .\Irs. C. I'.ab- lell. .Mr. and Mrs. W. Lesley. Mr. and .Mrs. Clen Snodgrass and Mr. and Airs. E. K. Kllison anil .1. C. 'fhe occasion was Mr. and .Mrs. Chapman's Itlrd wedding anniversary Sunday. SPEECH CONTESTS TO BE HELD IN PINE RIVER THIS YEAR Vi Athens and Adele Mara are shown collecting deposit bottles in the nation-wide return bottle round-up. More than 35,000,000 milk, beverage and Dottles are lying idle in America's homes from Maine to California. Every container is needed to assure deliveries because shortages of raw materials are limiting bottle production After a lapse of five-years, I'ine River high school has again resumed speech training as an extra curricular activity, under fhe direction of Air. Brueberg. Speech work is organized in accdr dance with the program of a Minnesota State High ,School League. It includes participation in several branches of speech activity, ending in local, district and regional speech activities. for icing the first year, Mr. P.rue- beiig can boast of.a large speech group this season of 21-students. Most of the common types of speech work is represented. Participating iu original oratory, are Clyde Cbainoerliiin, Robert ISei- hert and Bonnie Bradfield. In extemporaneous oratory. Helen Hopper. In niiinuscript reading, Dorothy Hassman. In memorized oratory. .Marjorie .lop- person, Marion Anderson, Joe Dingle and Delores Hildrum. In interpretive reading, humorous, are Richard Tappe, Phyllis Gearey, Beverly Young, 1'at Neuberger and Maxine Council. . In interpretive dramatic reading, are Marlys Schultz, Marilyn Bncklund, Phyllis Petterson, Delores Howard, Arlyn Young. Juliette Kodean and Ardis Degnan. The local speech festival wil] be held in the Methodist Church on the evening of .March 12. According to modern practice, participants will hi- judged according to skill and will mu be grouped as No. 1, 2, etc., 'nut will be given grades of superior, excellent or good. All those with a rating of superior are allowed to go on to the next contest which may mean that all or none of the stu. MAPLE HILL Birdie Peterson, Correspondent .... » carl White and lady-friend spent Sunday afternoon at rhe Harvey .Mills. Mr.s. Vernon Fox and .Mavis spent Saturday afternoon at the Pill Mont- gomerys. .Mrs. Freda laker and Darlys were Sunday dii ' guests at the Victor Hedlunds. .Mr. and Airs. Verner Lindfors. and Prank Anderson and Orville Thurston visited at the Leo Petersons Sunday. Clarence tind Selma Barsness ot Glen-wood, spent a week ago (Sunday at Arnold Hricksons. Lee Fox celebrated, his twelfth anniversary by treating iRolland and Roger Tulenchik. Herman Velsvaag tind Orville Thurston to home made ice cream Sunday. dents that take part, may continue In the next event. Following the local contest, there will he the district speech festival. Supt Henderson has arranged to have this contest in I'ine River on .March 18. .\ lange group of students frVwn, the neighboring schools leave announ- ed that they will send representatives. Contestants placing superior in the district festival, are allowed to l'O on. to the regional festival in Fergus Falls .March 21. Pine Kiver. taking part for the first time, does not expect to make any sensational showing this year. The students are taking part mostly to learn and improve themselves. In fact, the speec i program as now conducted in Pine River, is not to develop stars but to 'belli as many of the Students -as possible, lo get some real experience in talking before an audience and receive the fundamentals of speech criticism and theories.
|Title||The Pine River Journal (Pine River, Minnesota), 1947-03-07|
|Edition||Volume 10, Number 48|
|Date of Creation||1947-03-07|
|Publishing Agency||Grant D. Bergstrom (Pine River, Minnesota)|
|Minnesota Reflections Topic||Communication|
|Item Physical Format||Newspapers|
|Formal Subject Headings||
Advertising -- Newspapers
|Locally Assigned Subject Headings||Pine River Journal|
|Minnesota City or Township||Pine River|
|State or Province||Minnesota|
|Contributing Organization||Heritage Group North, P.O. Box 266, Pine River, Minnesota 56474 www.heritagegroupnorth.org|
|Rights Management||Use of these materials is governed by U.S. and international copyright law. Please contact Heritage Group North for more information.|
|OCLC Control Number||1762408|
PINE RIVER JOURNAL
VOLUME X NUMBBK 4H
THE PIXE HIVBR JOURNAL, PINK RIVER, CASS COL'NTl', MINNESOTA, FRIDAY, MARCH 7. 1947
SUB: §2.00 Pine River and Vicinity—$2.50 Elsewhere
Out of the . .
by C. M. A.
Ed. Note: The following article,
written by Airs. Anna Underleak of
this city, concerns her noted button
collection and will no doubt be of interest to our many readers. Mrs. Un-
derleak's collection has attracted considerable attention anti has been admired by many:
I will be happy to tell you about my
■button collection which started when
I was seven-years old. Now, I want
all of you to imagine you are sitting
by my chair while I am telling you of
the different buttons in my collection
which numbers more than 40,000 buttons.
There were many years between the
time 1 was seven and my present eights seven years that I did not collect
buttons. However, there never was
a^ time when I was not interested in
tfcem. When I first went to school, a
little log st bool, the teacher was making a "Charm String" which is a
string ol buttons wliere no two are
alike and they are given hy friends
and relatives or in some other way to
receive a. lull string of nine hundred
and ninety nine. Tlie thousandth is
left lor "Prince < 'harming to add to
the siting. Of course, we kids always
thought the boy who added the last
button would be our future husband.
There are different ideas about Charm
strings but. that was the popular one
when I was a child.
I again took up my hobby of collecting buttons in earnest after my daugu.
ter had an exhibit of curios in the
Pine Kiver Drug iStore, then owned
and operated by my son-in-law. People showed such an interest in the old
charm-string that it aroused my interest and enthusiasm anew, so I asked
friends and acquaintances M" they didn't have a few old buttons they could
rive me to add to